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Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2009 Dec;6(10):1185-94. doi: 10.1089/fpd.2009.0316.

Conjugative transferability of the A/C plasmids from Salmonella enterica isolates that possess or lack bla(CMY) in the A/C plasmid backbone.

Author information

1
Southern Plains Agricultural Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, College Station, Texas 77845, USA. toni.poole@ars.usda.gov

Abstract

The objective of this study was to understand the conjugative transmissibility of resistance plasmids present in 205 Salmonella enterica isolates from bovine sources. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based replicon typing was used to type plasmid replicons. Conjugation experiments were preformed in triplicate at 30 degrees C and 37 degrees C on solid medium. PCR mapping of the A/C transfer gene operon was done on 17 Salmonella Newport isolates that were only positive for A/C. Eighty-six percent (n = 177) of the Salmonella isolates were multidrug resistant (MDR) with resistance to 3-12 antimicrobial agents. Of these, 82% (n = 146) were resistant to extended-spectrum cephalosporins and possessed a bla(CMY) gene. A/C was the predominant replicon detected, present in 90% (n = 160) of the MDR isolates. Twenty-three percent (n = 37) of the A/C-positive strains were positive for a second replicon. Replicons coresident with A/C included I1, N, B/O, HI1, and HI2. Only 31% (n = 54) of the MDR isolates produced transconjugants, and most of these donors carried multiple replicons. A/C cotransferred with B/O, N, and I1 at both 30 degrees C and 37 degrees C and with HI2 at 30 degrees C. Seven Salmonella Newport isolates that produced transconjugants possessed only the single A/C replicon and lacked bla(CMY). PCR mapping of the A/C transfer gene operon in ten Salmonella Newport isolates that carried bla(CMY) revealed a bla(CMY) inverted repeat element integrated between the traA and traC genes. These results suggest that A/C may have been a conjugative plasmid before the integration of bla(CMY) into the transfer gene operon. Additionally, transfer deficient A/C replicons may be mobilized in the presence of certain compatible conjugative plasmids.

PMID:
19743926
DOI:
10.1089/fpd.2009.0316
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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