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Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2009 Aug;6(8):2113-38. doi: 10.3390/ijerph6082113. Epub 2009 Jul 29.

A qualitative study of the impact of HIV/AIDS on agricultural households in Southeastern Uganda.

Author information

1
School of Planning, Faculty of Environment, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada. dcparker@uwaterloo.ca

Abstract

The HIV/AIDS pandemic threatens economic, social, and environmental sustainability throughout sub-Saharan Africa. This paper reports on a qualitative study exploring interrelationships between HIV/AIDS, labor availability, agricultural productivity, household resources, food consumption, and health status in rural southeastern Uganda. Respondents reported an increase in widow-and-orphan-headed households; labor shortages due to illness and caretaking; degradation of household resources from health-related expenses; loss of land tenure and assets following deaths, especially for widows and orphans; and changes in agricultural practices and productivity. Our study highlights a potential downward spiral of livelihood degradation for vulnerable households and suggests targeted interventions to improve sustainability.

KEYWORDS:

HIV/AIDS; agriculture; food security; sustainability

PMID:
19742210
PMCID:
PMC2738877
DOI:
10.3390/ijerph6082113
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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