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Phytochemistry. 2009 Sep;70(13-14):1539-46. doi: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2009.08.004. Epub 2009 Sep 7.

The power of mutants for investigating jasmonate biosynthesis and signaling.

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Institute of Biological Chemistry, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-6340, USA.


Mutant analysis includes approaches that range from traditional screening of mutant populations (forward genetics), to identifying mutations in known genes (reverse genetics), to examining the effects of site-specific mutations that encode modified proteins. All these methodologies have been applied to study jasmonate synthesis and signaling, and their use has led to important discoveries. The fad3 fad7 fad8 mutant of Arabidopsis, and other mutants defective in jasmonate synthesis, revealed the roles of jasmonate in flower development and plant defense against necrotrophic fungal pathogens. The coi1 mutant identified the F-box protein that is now known to be the receptor for jasmonoyl-isoleucine, the active form of jasmonate hormone. Investigations of how JASMONATE-ZIM DOMAIN (JAZ) proteins bind to COI1 and facilitate jasmonate perception have relied on the jai3 mutant, on JAZDeltaJas constructs, and on site-specific mutations in the Jas and ZIM domains of these proteins.

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