Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Physiol. 2009 Dec 1;587(Pt 23):5551-8. doi: 10.1113/jphysiol.2009.179432. Epub 2009 Sep 7.

Exercise protects the cardiovascular system: effects beyond traditional risk factors.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. joyner.michael@mayo.edu

Abstract

In humans, exercise training and moderate to high levels of physical activity are protective against cardiovascular disease. In fact they are 40% more protective than predicted based on the changes in traditional risk factors (blood lipids, hypertension, diabetes etc.) that they cause. In this review, we highlight the positive effects of exercise on endothelial function and the autonomic nervous system. We also ask if these effects alone, or in combination, might explain the protective effects of exercise against cardiovascular disease that appear to be independent of traditional risk factor modification. Our goal is to use selected data from our own work and that of others to stimulate debate on the nature and cause of the 'risk factor gap' associated with exercise and physical activity.

PMID:
19736305
PMCID:
PMC2805367
DOI:
10.1113/jphysiol.2009.179432
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center