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Br J Haematol. 2009 Nov;147(4):450-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2141.2009.07860.x. Epub 2009 Sep 5.

A new polycythaemia vera-associated SOCS3 SH2 mutant (SOCS3F136L) cannot regulate erythropoietin responses.

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Centre for Infection and Immunity, Queen's University, Belfast, Northern Ireland.


Recently several different JAK2 exon12 mutations have been identified in V617F negative polycythaemia vera (PV) or idiopathic erythrocytosis (IE) patients. The patients present with erythrocytosis, ligand-independent cell growth and low serum erythropoietin (EPO) levels. Within this group, a deletion of amino acids 542-543 (N542-E543del) of JAK2 is most prevalent. We have previously shown that in the presence of JAK2(V617F), suppressor of cytokine signalling 3 (SOCS3) is unable to negatively regulate EPO signalling and proliferation of V617F-expressing cells. Here we report a PV patient heterozygous for the somatic JAK2(N542-E543del) mutation and a previously unreported germline mutation within the SH2 domain of SOCS3 (F136L). Interestingly, the SOCS3(F136L) mutation was detected in a Japanese myeloproliferative disorder patient cohort at double the frequency of healthy controls. Cells expressing SOCS3(F136L) had markedly elevated EPO-induced proliferation and extended EPO-induced JAK2 phosphorylation. Additionally, compared to wild-type SOCS3, mutant SOCS3 had an extended half-life in the presence of JAK2 and JAK2(N542-E543del). Our findings suggest that this loss-of-function SOCS3 mutation may have contributed to disease onset by causing deregulated JAK2 signalling in the presence of a constitutively active JAK2(N542-E543del) mutant.

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