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BJU Int. 2010 Apr;105(7):1011-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-410X.2009.08870.x. Epub 2009 Sep 4.

Synergistic potentiation of interferon activity with maitake mushroom d-fraction on bladder cancer cells.

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Department of Urology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY, USA.



To examine whether the combination of interferon (IFN)-alpha and maitake mushroom D-fraction (PDF), a bioactive mushroom extract, might potentiate the anticancer activity of IFN-alpha in bladder cancer T24 cells in vitro.


Effects of recombinant IFN-alpha(2b) (0-50 000 IU/mL), PDF (0-700 microg/mL), or their combinations were assessed on T24 cell growth at 72 h. Cell cycle analysis and assays for double-stranded DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) were performed to explore possible antiproliferative mechanism of these agents.


IFN-alpha(2b) was able to induce a significant ( approximately 50%) growth reduction at 20 000 IU/mL, which further declined to approximately 66% at 50 000 IU/mL. PDF had no effects up to 200 microg/mL, but there was an approximately 20% and approximately 53% growth reduction at 400 and 700 microg/mL, respectively. When the varying concentrations of IFN-alpha(2b) and PDF were combined, 10 000 IU/mL of IFN-alpha(2b) combined with 200 microg/mL of PDF resulted in an approximately 75% growth reduction. This was accompanied by a G(1) cell cycle arrest, shown by cell cycle analysis. Concurrently, DNA-PK activity in IFN-alpha(2b)/PDF-treated cells was almost three-fold higher than controls.


The combination of IFN-alpha(2b) (10 000 IU/mL) and PDF (200 microg/mL) reduced growth by approximately 75% in T24 cells. This appears to be due to a synergistic potentiation of these two agents, inducing a G(1) arrest with DNA-PK activation. Therefore, the IFN-alpha(2b)/PDF combination could trigger DNA-PK activation that may act on the cell cycle to cease cancer cell growth.

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