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J Neurochem. 1990 Aug;55(2):632-40.

Neurotoxins distinguish between different neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit combinations.

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1
Division of Neuroscience, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030.

Abstract

Neuronal and muscle nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit combinations expressed in Xenopus oocytes were tested for sensitivity to various neurotoxins. Extensive blockade of the alpha 3 beta 2 neuronal subunit combination was achieved by 10 nM neuronal bungarotoxin. Partial blockade of the alpha 4 beta 2 neuronal and alpha 1 beta 1 gamma delta muscle subunit combinations was caused by 1,000 nM neuronal bungarotoxin. The alpha 2 beta 2 neuronal subunit combination was insensitive to 1,000 nM neuronal bungarotoxin. Nearly complete blockade of all neuronal subunit combinations resulted from incubation with 2 nM neosurugatoxin, whereas 200 nM neosurugatoxin was required for partial blockade of the alpha 1 beta 1 gamma delta muscle subunit combination. The alpha 2 beta 2 and alpha 3 beta 2 neuronal subunit combinations were partially blocked by 10,000 nM lophotoxin analog-1, whereas complete blockade of the alpha 4 beta 2 neuronal and alpha 1 beta 1 gamma delta muscle subunit combinations resulted from incubation with this concentration of lophotoxin analog-1. The alpha 1 beta 1 gamma delta muscle subunit combination was blocked by the alpha-conotoxins G1A and M1 at concentrations of 100 nM. All of the neuronal subunit combinations were insensitive to 10,000 nM of both alpha-conotoxins. Thus, neosurugatoxin and the alpha-conotoxins distinguish between muscle and neuronal subunit combinations, whereas neuronal bungarotoxin and lophotoxin analog-1 distinguish between different neuronal subunit combinations on the basis of differing alpha subunits.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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