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Dev Comp Immunol. 2010 Feb;34(2):97-101. doi: 10.1016/j.dci.2009.08.012. Epub 2009 Sep 11.

Mutations in an avian IgY-Fc fragment reveal the locations of monocyte Fc receptor binding sites.

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Randall Division of Cell and Molecular Biophysics, King's College London, New Hunt's House, Guy's Campus, London, United Kingdom.


The avian IgY antibody isotype shares a common ancestor with both mammalian IgG and IgE and so provides a means to study the evolution of their structural and functional specialisations. Although both IgG and IgE bind to their leukocyte Fc receptors with 1:1 stoichiometry, IgY binds to CHIR-AB1, a receptor expressed in avian monocytes, with 2:1 stoichiometry. The mutagenesis data reported here explain the structural basis for this difference, mapping the CHIR-AB1 binding site to the Cupsilon3/Cupsilon4 interface and not the N-terminal region of Cupsilon3 where, at equivalent locations, the IgG and IgE leukocyte Fc receptor binding sites lie. This finding, together with the phylogenetic relationship of the antibodies and their receptors, indicates that a substantial shift in the nature of Fc receptor binding occurred during the evolution of mammalian IgG and IgE.

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