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Ann Surg. 2009 Oct;250(4):540-8. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0b013e3181b674df.

Three hundred and one consecutive extended right hepatectomies: evaluation of outcome based on systematic liver volumetry.

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1
Department of Surgical Oncology, Unit 444, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030–4009, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE(S):

This study aimed to determine the effect of preoperative liver volumetry on postoperative outcomes after extended right hepatectomy. Primary end point was to evaluate whether future liver remnant (FLR)/standardized liver volume ratio (sFLR) >20% is sufficient for a safe hepatic resection. Secondary end point was to assess whether preoperative portal vein embolization (PVE) is associated with improved outcome in patients with initial sFLR ≤ 20%.

BACKGROUND DATA:

An sFLR >20% of the total liver volume has been proposed as sufficient for safe hepatic resection, but this concept has not been validated in a large series. In addition, recent reports suggest preoperative PVE is indicated for sFLR <30%.

METHODS:

The impact of sFLR and PVE on short-term outcomes (postoperative complications, liver insufficiency, and 90-day mortality) was analyzed in 301 consecutive patients after extended right hepatectomy. Liver volumetry accounted for partial resection of segment IV. Liver insufficiency was defined as peak postoperative serum bilirubin >7 mg/dL. Predictors of liver insufficiency were identified by multivariate logistic regression.

RESULTS:

Postoperative liver insufficiency occurred in 45 patients (15%) and accounted for 61% of deaths. Among 290 patients who underwent liver volumetry, sFLR was <20% in 38 patients, 20.1% to 30% in 144, and ≥ 30% in 108. Rates of postoperative liver insufficiency and death from liver failure were similar between patients with sFLR 20.1% to 30% and sFLR ≥ 30% but higher in patients with sFLR ≤ 20% (P 0.05). Postoperative outcomes were similar between patients with increase in sFLR from ≤ 20% to >20% after PVE and patients with initial sFLR >20%. Multivariate analysis revealed that body mass index >25 kg/m2, intraoperative blood transfusion, and sFLR ≤ 20% (odds ratio = 3.18; 95% CI, 1.34-7.54) independently predicted postoperative liver insufficiency.

CONCLUSIONS:

Systematic measurement of FLR volume is important to select patients for PVE and extended right hepatectomy. A sFLR >20% is sufficient for safe hepatic resection and sFLR 20.1% to 30% is not an indication for preoperative PVE.

PMID:
19730239
DOI:
10.1097/SLA.0b013e3181b674df
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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