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J Inherit Metab Dis. 2009 Dec;32 Suppl 1:S295-302. doi: 10.1007/s10545-009-1238-1. Epub 2009 Aug 29.

Diagnosis, treatment, follow-up and gene mutation analysis in four Chinese children with biotinidase deficiency.

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Department of Pediatric Endocrinology and Genetic Metabolism, Xin Hua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai Institute for Pediatric Research, 1665 Kong Jiang Road, Shanghai, 200092, China.



To report the clinical course and explore the gene mutation spectrum of four Chinese children with biotinidase deficiency.


Four Chinese patients aged 4 months to 8 years were referred to this study. Tandem mass spectrometry, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and the determination of biotinidase activities were performed for selective screening of biotinidase deficiency. Four patients with biotinidase deficiency were diagnosed, treated with biotin and followed.


(1) Four patients with biotinidase deficiency were diagnosed by characteristic metabolites, such as elevated blood levels of 3-hydroxyisovalerylcarnitine (6.22 +/- 3.1 mumol/L), elevated 3-methylcrontonylglycine, methylcitrate and 3-hydroxypropionate in urine and very low biotinidase activities. (2) These patients have been treated with biotin for 1-8 years; two of them still have mental retardation, and two have irreversible hearing or vision disability. (3) In the four patients, six different mutations in the biotinidase gene were identified: c.98G:del7ins3, c.1369G>A (p. V457M), c.1384delA, c.1493_1494insT, c.1284C>A (p.Y428X) and c.1157G>A (p.W386X). The latter four mutations are novel variations. Seven out of eight mutations are located on exon 4 of the biotinidase gene.


Early recognition of biotinidase deficiency is crucial to avoid permanent damage. Determination of biotinidase activity should be included in neonatal screening in China. Exon 4 may be a hot-spot for biotinidase gene mutations in Chinese patients. Four novel gene variations may be disease-causing mutations and should be confirmed by expression studies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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