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Ann Thorac Med. 2007 Oct;2(4):176-9. doi: 10.4103/1817-1737.36556.

Airway pressure release ventilation.

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Department of Critical Care Medicine, The Miriam Hospital, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.


Airway pressure release ventilation was introduced to clinical practice about two decades ago as an alternative mode for mechanical ventilation; however, it had not gained popularity until recently as an effective safe alternative for difficult-to-oxygenate patients with acute lung injury/ acute respiratory distress syndrome This review will cover the definition and mechanism of airway pressure release ventilation, its advantages, indications, and guidance.


Critical care; mechanical ventilation; respiratory failure

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