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Oncologist. 2009 Sep;14(9):862-70. doi: 10.1634/theoncologist.2009-0071. Epub 2009 Sep 2.

Clinical outcomes associated with bevacizumab-containing treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer: the BRiTE observational cohort study.

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  • 1Ingalls Hospital, Suite 401, Harvey, Illinois 60426, USA. mfkozloff@aol.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The Bevacizumab Regimens' Investigation of Treatment Effects (BRiTE) study is a prospective, observational cohort study designed to elucidate safety and effectiveness outcomes associated with bevacizumab combined with chemotherapy as used in clinical practice for first-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Baseline characteristics, prespecified bevacizumab-related adverse events, and effectiveness data were collected from 1,953 mCRC patients who were receiving first-line treatment including bevacizumab at 248 U.S. sites.

RESULTS:

At database lock, the median follow-up was 20.1 months. At baseline, 46% of patients were aged >or=65 years and 49% had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score >or=1. Fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin was the most common first-line chemotherapy regimen (56%). Overall rates of bevacizumab-related adverse events in the BRiTE study, such as gastrointestinal perforation (1.9%), arterial thromboembolic events (2%), grade 3-4 bleeding (2.2%), and de novo hypertension requiring medication (22%), were consistent with those reported in randomized clinical trials (RCTs) of bevacizumab in first-line mCRC treatment. The median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) times were 9.9 (95% confidence interval [CI], 9.5-10.3) months and 22.9 (95% CI, 21.9-24.4) months, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

The median PFS and OS durations and safety profile of bevacizumab in the BRiTE study were similar to those in RCTs of bevacizumab plus chemotherapy in first-line mCRC patients. The observations from the BRiTE study complement and expand upon RCT data, providing clinical information in a large cohort of bevacizumab-treated patients and subgroups such as the elderly.

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