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Trends Microbiol. 2009 Sep;17(9):423-30. doi: 10.1016/j.tim.2009.06.004. Epub 2009 Aug 31.

LPxTG surface proteins of enterococci.

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Department of Medical Microbiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.


Enterococci have become an important cause of nosocomial infections since the late 1980s. Several surface proteins have been implicated in contributing to infections caused by Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium. Understanding the in vivo function of enterococcal surface proteins, particularly their role in directing interactions with the host during infection, is essential to explain the success of enterococci as nosocomial pathogens. Here we review current knowledge of enterococcal LPxTG surface proteins, including aggregation substance, enterococcal surface protein, three collagen-binding microbial surface components that recognize adhesive matrix molecules (Ace, Acm, Scm) and pili (Ebp, PilA and PilB), their interactions with host molecules and their role in pathogenicity and biofilm development.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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