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Int J Oncol. 2009 Oct;35(4):837-44.

The differential cell signaling effects of two positional isomers of the anticancer NO-donating aspirin.

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Division of Cancer Prevention, Department of Medicine, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794-5200, USA.


We studied the mechanism by which the para and meta positional isomers of nitric oxide-donating aspirin (NO-ASA) inhibit human colon cancer cell growth. These compounds are promising chemopreventive agents and represent a broader class of novel drugs. The two isomers differ drastically in their 24-h IC50s for cell growth, which are 12 microM for p-NO-ASA and 230 microM for m-NO-ASA. We examined their effects on cell signaling cascades, including predominantly the mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs). The principal differences between the two isomers were: a) p-NO-ASA exerts its effect earlier than m-NO-ASA; b) the predominant effect of m-NO-ASA is on ERK1/2 and Akt; whereas that of p-NO-ASA is on JNK1/2, while both activate p38, with p-NO-ASA showing a stronger and earlier effect; c) ATF-2 is more responsive to m-NO-ASA and c-Jun to p-NO-ASA; d) both isomers seem to have similar effects on AP-1 binding, the main difference between them being the timing of the effect; p-NO-ASA's effect is early and m-NO-ASA's is late; e) p-NO-ASA has an earlier and stronger effect on p21, while m-NO-ASA's effect occurs later and is weaker; and f) cell cycle changes follow the effect on p21 expression. Our findings underscore the role of positional isomerism in modulating the pharmacological effects of drugs and have potentially important implications for the further development of these chemoprevention agents.

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