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Lancet. 1990 Jun 23;335(8704):1509-12.

Home therapy with recombinant interleukin-2 and interferon-alpha 2b in advanced human malignancies.

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Department of Haematology and Oncology, M.H.H. University Medical Center, Hannover, West Germany.


The safety, tolerance, and clinical effects of a home therapy regimen of recombinant human interleukin-2 (rIL-2) and interferon-alpha 2b (IFN-alpha 2b) self injected subcutaneously have been assessed in 35 patients with advanced cancer refractory to standard therapy. 52 treatment cycles were given, each consisting of a 2-day rIL-2 pulse of 9.0 million IU/m2 every 12 h, followed by 6 weeks of rIL-2 1.8 million IU/m2 twice daily for 5 days per week and of IFN-alpha 2b 5.0 million U/m2 thrice a week. The main adverse effects were fever, chills, nausea, anorexia, and hypotension and were limited to WHO grades of severity I and II in 29 of 35 patients. No treatment-related deaths occurred. The response rates among patients with renal-cell carcinoma were similar to those reported for high-dose intravenous regimens of interleukin-2 that are toxic and have to be given in hospital.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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