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Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2009 Sep;13(9):1174-82.

Translation of questions: the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) experience.

Collaborators (271)

Aït-Khaled N, Anderson HR, Asher MI, Beasley R, Björkstén B, Brunekreef B, Crane J, Ellwood P, Flohr C, Foliaki S, Forastiere F, García-Marcos L, Keil U, Lai CK, Mallol J, Mitchell EA, Montefort S, Odhiambo J, Pearce N, Robertson CF, Stewart AW, Strachan D, von Mutius E, Weiland SK, Weinmayr G, Williams H, Wong G, Asher MI, Clayton TO, Ellwood P, Mitchell EA, Stewart AW, Priftanji A, Benhabylès B, Baena-Cagnani CE, Zabert GE, Crisci CD, Gómez M, Robertson C, Haidinger C, Howitt ME, Weyler J, Pinto-Vargas R, Motta JM, Camargos PA, Borges WG, Silva A, Rosário N, de Freitas Souza L, Bern-hardt Cd, Passos FJ, Cardoso Md, Cunha AJ, Porto Neto AC, Fischer GB, de Britto M, Solé D, Wandalsen N, Pastorino AC, Popov T, Kuaban C, Rennie D, Ferguson A, Standring P, Goulding R, Benavides LA, Contreras A, Amarales L, Aguilar P, Calvo MA, Chen YZ, Zhong NS, Kunii O, Li Pan Q, Cepeda AM, Aristizábal G, Ordoñez GA, M'Boussa J, Daniel R, Soto-Quirós ME, Kofi BN, Tomulic KL, Varona Peréz P, Bustos C, Barba S, Naguib ML, Figuero Colorado M, Riikjärv MA, Melaku K, Sa'aga-Banuve R, Pekkanen J, Vlaski E, Hypolite IE, Gotua M, Keil U, Tsanakas J, Bueso-Engelhardt A, Wong G, Lau YL, Zsigmond G, Novák Z, Rego S, Sabir M, Khatav VA, Kumar L, Setty G, Babu PS, Singh V, Jain KC, Sukumaran TU, Awasthi S, Chhatwal J, Joshi MK, Pherwani AV, Mantri SN, Salvi S, Sharma SK, Hanumante NM, Bhave S, Konthen P, Kartasasmita CB, Suprihati W, Masjedi MR, Steriu A, Armenio L, Dell'Orco V, Bonci E, Galassi C, Petronio MG, Chellini E, Giannella G, Bisanti L, La Grutta S, Forastiere F, Sestini P, Ciccone G, Piffer S, Odajima H, Sohei M, Abu-Ekteish F, Esamai FO, Ng'ang'a L, Foliaki S, al-Momen JA, Imanalieva C, Sulaimanov S, Svabe V, Kudzyte J, Bojarskas J, Teh KH, de Bruyne J, Quah BS, Montefort S, Del-Río-Navarro BE, Barragán-Meijueiro M, Ramírez-Chanona N, García-Almaraz R, Romieu I, Baeza-Bacab M, Merida-Palacio JV, González-Díaz SN, Linares-Zapién FJ, Romero-Tapia S, Bouayad Z, Engels R, Asher MI, Moyes C, Pattemore P, MacKay R, Pearce N, Sánchez JF, Onadeko BO, Magatogia M, Annesi-Maesano I, Yusuf MO, Mahmood N, Mortaja S, El Sharif N, Cukier G, Guggiari-Chase JA, Chiarella P, Cua-Lim F, Lis G, Annesi-Maesano I, Chiera ML, Câmara R, Rosado Pinto JE, Nunes C, Lopes dos Santos JM, Clancy L, Sow OY, Kayembe JM, Annesi-Maesano I, Deleanu D, Kondiourina EG, Fuimaono P, Zivkovic Z, Zivanovic S, Hadnadjev M, Adzovic O, Panic E, Goh DY, Zar HJ, Voyi K, Lee HB, López-Silvarrey Varela A, Garrido JB, Carvajal-Urueña I, Busquets RM, Díaz CG, García-Marcos L, Arnedo-Pena A, Garcia-Hernández G, Guillén-Grima F, Pérez-Yarza EG, Morales Suárez-Varela MM, Blanco Quirós A, Gunasekera KD, Muza OA, Al-Rawas O, Vogt H, Tabbah K, Mohammad Y, Mohammad S, Huang JL, Kao CC, Vichyanond P, Prasarnphanich T, Trakultivakorn M, Nettagul R, Teeratakulpisarn J, Kongpanichkul A, Tidjani O, Iosefa T, Monteil MA, Khaldi F, Jerray M, Ognev V, Anderson HE, Austin JB, Shamssain MH, Strachan D, Burr M, Holgado D, Lapides MC, Yeatts K, Windom HH, Redding GJ, Aldrey O, Vaên Cam B, Sears M, Anderson HR, Aguirre V, Ahel V, Gratziou C, Lai CK, Shah J, Baratawidjaja K, Anderson HR, Nishima S, Fakakovi T, Otten R, Barny S, Chansin R, Manning P, Bahati E, Khaitov RM, Tuuau-Potai N, Lee BW, El Sony A, Nilsson L.

Author information

1
Department of Paediatrics: Child and Youth Health, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. p.ellwood@auckland.ac.nz

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To explore the consequences of translating the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) English core questionnaires on asthma, rhinitis and eczema symptoms into other languages.

DESIGN:

ISAAC Phase III developed 49 language translations for adolescents and 42 for children following standardised guidelines, which included back-translating the questionnaires into English to check their accuracy and meaning. Language deviations were categorised and analysed with regard to influences on the reported symptom prevalence.

RESULTS:

Category 1 deviations for one or more questions were found in seven translations (14%) for adolescents and in three translations (7%) for children. Data for these questions were excluded from the worldwide analyses. Category 2 deviations were identified in the publications, and Category 3 deviations were ignored.

CONCLUSIONS:

Translations of questionnaires should follow a consistent protocol in global epidemiological research. Cultural norms need to be considered when evaluating back-translations into English, as disease labels are not available in every language, nor are they understood in the same way. Deviations from literal translations of English should be permitted if the intent of the original meaning is retained. A web-based tool of medical terminology would be useful for international research requiring the use of translations.

PMID:
19723410
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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