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Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009 Aug;1171:484-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.04697.x.

Kidney bean husk extracts exert antitumor effect by inducing apoptosis involving AMP-activated protein kinase signaling pathway.

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Department of Food and Nutrition, Hannam University Daedeok Valley Campus, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, Korea.


In this study, we investigated the molecular basis of Korean kidney bean husk extract, with emphasis on its ability to control intracellular signaling cascades of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) responsible for inducing antitumor activities in colon cancer cells. Recently, the evolutionarily conserved serine/threonine kinase, AMPK, has emerged as a possible target molecule of tumor control. We investigated the effects of Korean kidney bean husk extract on apoptosis regulation and the activation of AMPK. Korean kidney bean husk extract exhibited a series of antitumor effects such as cell death and apoptotic body appearance. These antitumor potentials were accompanied by the increase in p-AMPK and p-Acc as well as antitumor proteins p53 and p21. The stimulation of AMPK by this extract was blocked with the synthetic AMPK inhibitor Compound C at 10 micromol/L, and the combined treatment of Compound C and the AMPK activator AICAR (5-aminoimiazole-4-carboxamide-1-beta-D-ribofuranoside) showed that Compound C could inhibit the activation of AMPK at the concentration of 20 micromol/L. In conclusion, the ability of carcinogenesis control by Korean kidney bean husk extract with high potency suggests its value as an antitumor agent in colon cancer therapy.

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