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Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009 Aug;1171:270-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.04721.x.

Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis inhibits the proliferation of SNU-1 human stomach cancer cells through induction of G0/G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptosis via p53 and p21 expression.

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Major in Biomodulation, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.


We investigated the antiproliferative effects of the cytoplasmic fraction of Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis (L.lac CF) on the SNU-1 human stomach cancer cell line. The proliferation of SNU-1 cells was inhibited by treatment with L.lac CF in a time- and dose-dependent manner. L.lac CF caused G0/G1 cell cycle arrest, which was associated with an increase in p53 and p21 expression, the reduction of cyclin D1 expression, and retinoblastoma protein phosphorylation. L.lac CF induced apoptosis in SNU-1 cells, as demonstrated by increased nucleus condensation and a sub-G1 peak. Caspase-3 activation, the induction of p53, and the downregulation of Bcl-2 were also observed in L.lac CF-treated cells. Thus, the inhibitory effect of L.lac CF on SNU-1 cell growth is mainly attributable to the induction of G0/G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptosis.

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