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J Periodontol. 2009 Sep;80(9):1493-7. doi: 10.1902/jop.2009.090128.

Local delivery of hyaluronan as an adjunct to scaling and root planing in the treatment of chronic periodontitis.

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Dental Hygiene Program and Department of Periodontology, Institute of Odontology, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden.



The aim of the present study was to evaluate the adjunctive effect of the local application of a hyaluronan gel to scaling and root planing in the treatment of chronic periodontitis.


Twelve patients with chronic periodontitis were recruited to participate in a study with a split-mouth design and provided informed consent. Plaque formation and bleeding on probing were evaluated pretreatment (baseline) and at 1, 4, and 12 weeks post-treatment. Probing depths and attachment levels were evaluated at baseline and at 12 weeks. The patients received full-mouth scaling and root planing. A hyaluronan gel was administered subgingivally in the test sites at baseline and after 1 week. Significant differences between test and control were evaluated using the paired t test, repeated-measures analysis of variance (Wilks lambda), and a non-parametric Wilcoxon signed-rank test.


A significant reduction in bleeding on probing scores and probing depths was observed in both groups at 12 weeks (P <0.05). Significantly lower bleeding on probing scores were observed in the hyaluronan group compared to control at 12 weeks (P <0.05). Mean probing depth reductions between baseline and 12 weeks were 1.0 +/- 0.3 mm and 0.8 +/- 0.2 mm for the hyaluronan and control groups, respectively. The difference between the groups was statistically significant (P <0.05).


The local application of hyaluronan gel in conjunction with scaling and root planing may have a beneficial effect on periodontal health in patients with chronic periodontitis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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