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Diabetes. 2009 Dec;58(12):2904-9. doi: 10.2337/db09-0874. Epub 2009 Aug 31.

Haptoglobin genotype and renal function decline in type 1 diabetes.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. costacout@edc.pitt.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Haptoglobin (Hp) binds free Hb, inhibiting Hb-induced oxidative damage. As oxidative stress has been associated with microvascular complications, we evaluated the relationship between Hp genotype and microalbuminuria, macroalbuminuria, end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and early renal function decline in type 1 diabetes.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

Participants from the Epidemiology of Diabetes Complications Study with DNA available were studied for the incidence of microalbuminuria (albumin excretion rate [AER] 20-200 microg/min), macroalbuminuria (AER >200 microg/min), ESRD (renal dialysis or transplantation), and renal function decline (a decline > or =30 ml/min per 1.73 m(2) from baseline estimated [by the Cockcroft-Gault equation] glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] in those with baseline eGFR >60 ml/min per 1.73 m(2)).

RESULTS:

The proportions with the Hp 2/2, 2/1, and 1/1 genotype were 43.4, 44.4, and 12.1%, respectively. During 18 years of follow-up, the incidence of eGFR decline, microalbuminuria, macroalbuminuria, and ESRD was 42.0, 40.5, 16.7, and 12.2%, respectively. No significant univariate differences were observed by Hp genotype. However, in multivariable Cox models, an approximately twofold increased risk was observed for the Hp 2/2 compared with the Hp 1/1 genotype for eGFR decline (hazard ratio 1.79 [95% CI 1.06-3.00]) and ESRD (2.74 [1.17-6.45]); no significant associations were observed for microalbuminuria or macroalbuminuria.

CONCLUSIONS:

These data suggest that although Hp genotype is not associated with albuminuria per se, it may be an independent determinant of early renal function decline and progression to ESRD. Understanding these apparent contradictory findings may provide further insight into the pathogenesis of renal disease in type 1 diabetes.

PMID:
19720796
PMCID:
PMC2780877
DOI:
10.2337/db09-0874
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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