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Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2010 Feb;54(2):232-40. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-6576.2009.02104.x. Epub 2009 Aug 31.

Impact of the CYP2D6 genotype on post-operative intravenous oxycodone analgesia.

Author information

1
Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark. stinezwisler@hotmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Oxycodone is a semi-synthetic opioid with a mu-receptor agonist-mediated effect in several pain conditions, including post-operative pain. Oxycodone is metabolized to its active metabolite oxymorphone by O-demethylation via the polymorphic CYP2D6. The aim of this study was to investigate whether CYP2D6 poor metabolizers (PMs) yield the same analgesia post-operatively from intravenous oxycodone as extensive metabolizers (EMs).

METHODS:

Two hundred and seventy patients undergoing primarily thyroid surgery or hysterectomy were included and followed for 24 h post-operatively. The CYP2D6 genotype was blinded until study procedures had been completed for all patients. All patients received intravenous oxycodone as pain treatment for 24 h post-operatively and morphine 5 mg was used as escape medication. A responder was characterized as a patient without the need for escape medication and a positive evaluation in a questionnaire 24 h post-operatively.

RESULTS:

Twenty-four patients were PM (8.9%) and 246 were EM (91.1%). One PM (4.17%, CI=0.1-21.1) was a non-responder and 42 EM (17.07%, CI=12.6-22.4) were non-responders. The non-responder rate did not differ between the two genotypes (P=0.14). There was no difference in the total consumption of oxycodone between the two genotypes (EM=14.7 mg, CI=13.0-16.4 and PM=13.0 mg, CI=8.9-17.0, P=0.42). The mean oxymorphone/oxycodone ratios were 0.0031 and 0.00081 in the EMs and PMs, respectively (P<0.0001).

CONCLUSION:

This study showed for the first time in patients that the oxymorphone formation depends on CYP2D6, but we found no difference in the post-operative analgesic effect of intravenous oxycodone between the two CYP2D6 genotypes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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