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Nat Immunol. 2009 Oct;10(10):1096-101. doi: 10.1038/ni.1780. Epub 2009 Aug 30.

Differences in the risk of celiac disease associated with HLA-DQ2.5 or HLA-DQ2.2 are related to sustained gluten antigen presentation.

Author information

1
Centre for Immune Regulation, Institute of Immunology, University of Oslo and Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway.

Abstract

Celiac disease driven by an antigluten T cell response is strongly associated with the histocompatibility antigen HLA-DQ2.5 but is barely associated with HLA-DQ2.2. Yet these molecules have very similar peptide-binding motifs and both present gluten T cell epitopes. We found that DQ2.5(+) antigen-presenting cells (APCs) had greater stability of bound peptides and protracted gluten presentation relative to that of DQ2.2(+) cells. The improved ability of DQ2.5 to retain its peptide cargo can be ascribed to a polymorphism of DQalpha22 whereby DQ2.5 (tyrosine) can establish a hydrogen bond to the peptide main chain but DQ2.2 (phenylalanine) cannot. Our findings suggest that the kinetic stability of complexes of peptide and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is of importance for the association of HLA with disease.

PMID:
19718029
DOI:
10.1038/ni.1780
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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