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J Natl Med Assoc. 2009 Aug;101(8):761-4.

Gemcitabine combined with uracil-tegafur in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer.

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  • 1Department of Medical Oncology, Gazi University Medical School, Besevler, Ankara 06500, Turkey.


The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of gemcitabine and uracil-tegafur (UFT) combination in patients with advanced pancreatic carcinoma, retrospectively. Thirty-one patients, including 27 with metastatic disease, were treated with gemcitabine at a dose of 1000 mg/m2 in 30 minutes on days 1 and 8, and oral UFT 300 mg/m2 on days 1-14, as the first-line regimen in advanced stage. The cycle was repeated every 21 days. A total of 116 cycles of chemotherapy were administered, with a median of 3 cycles per patient (range 1-13). The objective response rate was observed in 6 (19.3%) patients with 1 (3.2%) complete response, and 5 (16.1%) partial responses. The median response duration was 4 (range, 3-14) months. Eight (25.8%) patients had a standard deviation of more than 3 months. Median overall survival was 8 months (95% CI, 6-10 months) and median time to progression was 4.2 months (95% CI, 1-6 months). This combination was generally well tolerated. There were no life-threatening side effects. Most common toxicities were of hematologic and gastrointestinal nature. In conclusion, this regimen was well tolerated and seemed to have a moderate activity in the palliative treatment of advanced pancreatic carcinoma.

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