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Arthritis Rheum. 2009 Sep;60(9):2817-21. doi: 10.1002/art.24801.

Loss of beta1 integrin in mouse fibroblasts results in resistance to skin scleroderma in a mouse model.

Author information

1
University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Activated adhesive signaling is a hallmark of fibroblasts isolated from the scars of scleroderma (systemic sclerosis) lesions. Beta-1 integrin plays a key role in adhesive signaling. The aim of the present study was to examine the role of beta1 integrin in a mouse model of skin scleroderma using mice bearing a fibroblast-specific deletion of beta1 integrin.

METHODS:

Cutaneous sclerosis was induced by subcutaneous injection of bleomycin. Control groups were treated with phosphate buffered saline. Mice bearing a fibroblast-specific deletion of beta1 integrin and control mice were investigated. Dermal thickness, collagen production, and the number of alpha-smooth muscle actin-positive cells were determined. The quantity of the collagen-specific amino acid hydroxyproline was also measured.

RESULTS:

Bleomycin treatment induced marked cutaneous thickening and fibrosis in control mice. Conversely, the deletion of beta1 integrin resulted in resistance to bleomycin-induced fibrosis.

CONCLUSION:

Expression of beta1 integrin by fibroblasts is required for fibrogenesis. Inhibition of beta1 integrin may be a viable method to alleviate the development of cutaneous sclerosis.

PMID:
19714619
DOI:
10.1002/art.24801
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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