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Holist Nurs Pract. 2009 Sep-Oct;23(5):297-301. doi: 10.1097/HNP.0b013e3181b66d4f.

Hope in early-stage dementia: a concept analysis.

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  • 1Drexel University College of Nursing and Health Professions and University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.


Hope is central to the adjustment process in early-stage dementia when trying to maintain a sense of normalcy and developing cognitive, social, and behavioral strategies to improve confidence. Maintaining hope, helping others, and living within a supportive social network can positively influence adaptation to daily living and to the preservation of self-concept. Utilizing Walker and Avant's method of concept analysis, the literature was examined to explore hope in early-stage dementia and to identify the dynamics and components of the hope experience. Gaining an understanding of the concept of hope in early-stage dementia will aid nurses and other healthcare professionals to help people with early-stage dementia and their family caregivers find ways of maintaining hope and strengthening a sense of self.

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