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Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health. 2009 Aug 27;3(1):22. doi: 10.1186/1753-2000-3-22.

Chronicity of sleep problems in children with chronic illness: a longitudinal population-based study.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway. borge.sivertsen@psykp.uib.no

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this study was to examine the chronicity of sleep problems in children with chronic illness, and potential predictors of sleep problems.

METHODS:

Using data from a longitudinal total population study in Norway, The Bergen Child Study, data on sleep problems, chronic illness and potential confounders were assessed at ages 79 and 1113.

RESULTS:

295 of 4025 (7.3%) children had a chronic illness, and the prevalence of chronic sleep problems was significantly higher in this group compared to children without chronic illness (6.8% versus 3.6%). Sleep problems at the first wave increased the risk of sleep problems at the second wave, also when adjusting for potential confounders (odds-ratio = 5.41). Hyperactivity and emotional problems were also independent risk factors for later sleep problems.

CONCLUSION:

These findings call for increased awareness and development of treatment strategies of sleep problems in children with chronic illness.

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