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Helicobacter. 2009 Sep;14 Suppl 1:41-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1523-5378.2009.00695.x.

Helicobacter pylori and clinical aspects of gastric cancer.

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1
Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Infectious Diseases, Otto-von-Guericke-University of Magdeburg, Leipziger Strasse 44, Magdeburg, Germany.

Abstract

In spite of important new insights into the basic mechanisms of gastric carcinogenesis, progress in the management of gastric cancer has been modest. Some modifications in the chemotherapies used for palliation and strategies for downstaging of the disease prior to surgical intervention are noteworthy. The positive experience with endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) and submucosal dissection (ESD) for treatment of early gastric cancer has been confirmed and extended. The procedure-related morbidity and post-interventional quality of life is clearly favorable compared to open surgical resection in well-selected patients. New data on Helicobacter pylori revealed that eradication after endoscopic resection of early gastric cancer significantly reduces the incidence of recurrent and metachronous gastric neoplasias. It can further improve healing rates of treatment induced gastric ulcers. Eradication therapy therefore remains the best target for prevention of the disease. Critical is the "point of no return" when mucosal alterations (i.e. intestinal metaplasia, glandular atrophy) are no longer reversible. A population-based screen-and-eradicate strategy for H. pylori infection can at present only be recommended in high incidence regions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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