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Am J Occup Ther. 2009 Jul-Aug;63(4):433-40.

Sensory overresponsivity and anxiety in children with ADHD.

Author information

1
Department of Occupational Therapy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Box 980008, Richmond, VA 23298, USA. reynoldsse3@vcu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Approximately 25% of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have a comorbid anxiety disorder. The purpose of this study was to determine whether sensory overresponsivity (SOR) is related to elevated levels of anxiety in children with ADHD.

METHOD:

Twenty-four children ages 6 to 10 with ADHD and 24 children without ADHD participated in this study. All parentscompleted a Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (RCMAS) with their child. Children in the ADHD group were subdivided into ADHD + SOR and ADHD-only groups using the Sensory Over-Responsivity Inventory.

RESULTS:

Children in the ADHD + SOR group were significantly more anxious than both the ADHD-only and non-ADHD (control) groups. Children with ADHD + SOR were also more likely to have clinically significant anxiety (determined by total scores on the RCMAS).

CONCLUSIONS:

Occupational therapists treating children with ADHD and SOR should be aware that these children may also have anxiety and discuss options with families for prevention or treatment.

PMID:
19708472
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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