Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin Cancer Res. 2009 Sep 1;15(17):5478-84. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-08-2704. Epub 2009 Aug 25.

The importance of protein kinase A in prostate cancer: relationship to patient outcome in Radiation Therapy Oncology Group trial 92-02.

Author information

Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida 33136, USA.



We previously reported that protein kinase A type I (PKA(RIalpha)) overexpression was predictive of outcome in prostate cancer patients treated with radiotherapy (RT) +/- short-term androgen deprivation (STAD) on Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) protocol 86-10. Here, we attempt to verify our prior findings and test the hypothesis that the relationship of the length of AD to patient outcome is affected by PKA(RIalpha) overexpression.


There were 313 cases in the RTOG 92-02 study cohort with available tissue and suitable staining by immunohistochemistry. Median follow-up was 10.1 years. The intensity of PKA(RIalpha) staining intensity was quantified manually and by image analysis. Multivariate analyses were done for overall mortality using Cox proportional hazards models and for local failure, biochemical failure, distant metastasis, and cause-specific mortality using Fine and Gray's regression models.


The expression levels of PKA(RIalpha), determined by manual and image analysis, were strongly correlated (P < 0.0001). In the multivariate analyses, manual-quantified and image analysis-quantified PKA(RIalpha) staining intensities were independent predictors of distant metastasis (P < 0.01), local failure (P < 0.05), and biochemical failure (P <or= 0.01). Furthermore, the benefit of long-term AD over STAD was much less when PKA(RIalpha) expression was high.


PKA(RIalpha) overexpression has been shown in two RTOG trials to be associated with an increased risk of failure after AD + RT. In this series of contemporary high-risk patients, PKA(RIalpha) overexpression was associated with diminished response to LTAD + RT relative to STAD + RT, suggesting that such patients would be ideal for a PKA(RIalpha) knockdown strategy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center