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J Thorac Oncol. 2009 Sep;4(9):1174-7. doi: 10.1097/JTO.0b013e3181b28f15.

Capecitabine as salvage treatment for lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma of lung.

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University Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, China.


Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) of lung has previously demonstrated good clinical response to 5-fluorouracil containing chemotherapy regimen, similar to the observation in undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Capecitabine, which is converted into active 5-fluorouracil within tumor cells, has been found effective in colorectal, breast, and recently nasopharyngeal carcinomas. We report our experience in five patients with advanced or metastatic LELC of lung who were treated with single agent capecitabine as salvage chemotherapy. The finding of disease control in three of five patients, especially with exceptionally durable stable disease (14.8 months) in one patient, suggests the potential clinical activity of capecitabine in LELC of lung. Future studies on capecitabine-containing chemotherapy regimens in LELC of lung are warranted.

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