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Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2009 Oct;41(10):1928-39. doi: 10.1016/j.biocel.2009.03.007. Epub 2009 Mar 27.

The cell-type specificity of mitochondrial dynamics.

Author information

1
Daniel Swarovski Research Laboratory, Center of Operative Medicine, Department of Visceral, Transplant and Thoracic Surgery, Innsbruck Medical University (IMU), Innrain 66, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria. andrey.kuznetsov@uki.at

Abstract

Recent advances in mitochondrial imaging have revealed that in many cells mitochondria can be highly dynamic. They can undergo fission/fusion processes modulated by various mitochondria-associated proteins and also by conformational transitions in the inner mitochondrial membrane. Moreover, precise mitochondrial distribution can be achieved by their movement along the cytoskeleton, recruiting various connector and motor proteins. Such movement is evident in various cell types ranging from yeast to mammalian cells and serves to direct mitochondria to cellular regions of high ATP demand or to transport mitochondria destined for elimination. Existing data also demonstrate that many aspects of mitochondrial dynamics, morphology, regulation and intracellular organization can be cell type-/tissue-specific. In many cells like neurons, pancreatic cells, HL-1 cells, etc., complex dynamics of mitochondria include fission, fusion, small oscillatory movements of mitochondria, larger movements like filament extension, retraction, fast branching in the mitochondrial network and rapid long-distance intracellular translocation of single mitochondria. Alternatively, mitochondria can be rather fixed in other cells and tissues like adult cardiomyocytes or skeletal muscles with a very regular organelle organization between myofibrils, providing the bioenergetic basis for contraction. Adult cardiac cells show no displacement of mitochondria with only very small-amplitude rapid vibrations, demonstrating remarkable, cell type-dependent differences in the dynamics and spatial arrangement of mitochondria. These variations and the cell-type specificity of mitochondrial dynamics could be related to specific cellular functions and demands, also indicating a significant role of integrations of mitochondria with other intracellular systems like the cytoskeleton, nucleus and endoplasmic reticulum (ER).

PMID:
19703655
DOI:
10.1016/j.biocel.2009.03.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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