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Clin Chest Med. 2009 Sep;30(3):539-53, ix. doi: 10.1016/j.ccm.2009.05.013.

Obesity and bariatric surgery.

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Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA.


Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding are the most commonly performed weight reduction operations in the United States. Preoperative assessment and selection should be performed by a multidisciplinary team to obtain optimal results. The most devastating complication of bariatric surgery is leak, which can carry a high risk of mortality if not detected and treated expediently. New nationwide databases have been developed to monitor outcomes and facilitate better understanding of the mechanisms of bariatric surgery. New horizons for the advancement of bariatric surgery are in the realm of surgery in adolescent and geriatric populations, the use of weight-loss surgery in lower body mass index (<35 kg/m(2)) populations, and the use of surgery to cure the comorbidities of obesity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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