Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Med. 2009 Sep;122(9):874.e9-15. doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2009.01.035.

High-dose N-acetylcysteine for the prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy.

Author information

1
Division of Nephrology and Kidney Disease Center, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, USA. htrivedi@mcw.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Whether N-acetylcysteine is beneficial for the prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy is uncertain.

METHODS:

We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of high-dose N-acetylcysteine for the prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy. Our prespecified inclusion criteria were as follows: adult subjects; English language literature; administration of high-dose N-acetylcysteine a priori defined as a daily dose greater than 1200 mg or a single periprocedural dose (within 4 hours of contrast exposure) greater than 600 mg; prospective trials of individuals randomized to N-acetylcysteine, administered orally or intravenously, versus a control group; and trials that included the end point of the incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy. Trials that compared N-acetylcysteine with another active treatment were excluded.

RESULTS:

Sixteen comparisons of patients randomized to high-dose N-acetylcysteine versus controls met our prespecified inclusion criteria with a total sample size of 1677 subjects (842 assigned to high-dose N-acetylcysteine and 835 assigned to the control arm). The average population age was 68 years, 38.7% were diabetic, and the majority was male (67.8% of reported instances). The weighted mean baseline creatinine of the overall population was 1.58 mg/dL. No significant heterogeneity was detected (P = .09; I(2) = 34%). The overall effect size assuming a common odds ratio revealed an odds ratio of 0.46 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.33-0.63) for the occurrence of contrast-induced nephropathy with the use of high-dose N-acetylcysteine. The results of the more conservative random effects approach were similar (odds ratio = 0.52; 95% CI, 0.34-0.78). There was no evidence of publication bias (P = .34).

CONCLUSION:

Our results suggest that high-dose N-acetylcysteine decreases the incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy.

PMID:
19699385
DOI:
10.1016/j.amjmed.2009.01.035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center