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Behav Res Ther. 2009 Dec;47(12):1090-5. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2009.07.021. Epub 2009 Aug 5.

Cognitive behavioral management of Tourette's syndrome and chronic tic disorder in medicated and unmedicated samples.

Author information

1
Fernand-Seguin Research Centre, Louis-H. Lafontaine Hospital 7331 Hochelaga St. Montreal (Quebec) H1N 3V2 Canada. kieron.oconnor@umontreal.ca

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and medication can be administered in combination in treating tic disorders but there are no studies evaluating the effectiveness of CBT with and without medication. The current study compares the efficacy of CBT in combination with medication and without medication.

METHOD:

CBT was administered in a consecutively referred sample of 76 people diagnosed either with Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome or chronic tic disorder. The sample was divided into a medicated and a non-medicated group. Twenty three were stabilized on medication and 53 were not receiving medication. Measures administered pre- and post-CBT in both groups included: main outcome measure of Tourette Syndrome Global Scale and measures of mood.

RESULTS:

Repeated measures analysis of variance on the initial sample revealed no difference between medicated and non-medicated groups in outcome. A further analysis comparing the 23 receiving medication with 23 not receiving medication matched on baseline clinical variables also yielded no significant group differences, either in treatment outcome on main tic outcome measures or on other clinically relevant questionnaires.

DISCUSSION:

CBT for tic disorders is an effective treatment administered either in combination with medication or alone.

PMID:
19698938
PMCID:
PMC3749978
DOI:
10.1016/j.brat.2009.07.021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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