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Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2009 Aug 23;17:37. doi: 10.1186/1757-7241-17-37.

The role of emergency medicine physicians in trauma care in North America: evolution of a specialty.

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St. Luke's Hospital, Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Bethlehem, PA 18015, USA.


The role of Emergency Medicine Physicians (EMP) in the care of trauma patients in North America has evolved since the advent of the specialty in the late 1980's. The evolution of this role in the context of the overall demands of the specialty and accreditation requirements of North American trauma centers will be discussed. Limited available data published in the literature examining the role of EMP's in trauma care will be reviewed with respect to its implications for an expanded role for EMPs in trauma care. Two training models currently in the early stages of development have been proposed to address needs for increased manpower in trauma and the critical care of trauma patients. The available information regarding these models will be reviewed along with the implications for improving the care of trauma patients in both Europe and North America.

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