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Toxicol Mech Methods. 2008 Jul;18(6):525-530. Epub 2008 Jun 23.

Changes in Phospholipid Composition Studied by HPLC and Electric Properties of Liver Cell Membrane of Ethanol-Poisoned Rats.

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Institute of Chemistry, University in Białystok, Al. Piłsudskiego 11/4,15-443, Białystok, Poland.


Ethanol introduced into the organism undergoes rapid metabolism to acetaldehyde and then to acetic acid. The process is accompanied by formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which damage mainly lipids of membrane cells. The effects of ROS can be neutralized by administering preparations with antioxidant properties. The natural preparations of this kind are teas.This paper reports data on the effect of green and black tea on the surface charge density, content of phospholipids, and level of lipid peroxidation products of liver cell membrane of rats chronically intoxicated with ethanol. Surface charge density of liver cells was measured by the electrophoresis method, whereas qualitative phospholipid composition was determined by the HPLC method.Ethanol administration caused an increase in the amount of all phospholipids, in surface charge density as well as in lipid peroxidation products. Ingestion of green and black tea with ethanol partially prevented these ethanol-induced changes, and the action of green tea was stronger than that of black tea.

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