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AIDS. 2009 Sep 24;23(15):1987-95. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e32832eb285.

Antiretroviral therapy in acute and recent HIV infection: a prospective multicenter stratified trial of intentionally interrupted treatment.

Author information

1
University of California-San Francisco, 4150 Clement Street, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA. Paul.volberding@va.gov

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Antiretroviral therapy in early HIV infection may enhance outcome and viral control may be better in acute versus recent infection 24 weeks after treatment interruption.

METHODS:

A prospective trial of treatment stratified by acute versus recent HIV-1 infection. If HIV viral load <50 copies/ml after at least 52 weeks, treatment was interrupted. If viremia rebounded, treatment and interruption were repeated. The primary endpoint was maintaining viral load less than 5000 copies/ml for 24 weeks following treatment interruption.

RESULTS:

Of the 121 patients enrolled at 15 sites, ninety-five percent were men, median age was 34 years; 69% were white. Median viral load was higher in acute HIV-1 infection (210 000 copies/ml) than recent HIV-1 infection (43 000 copies/ml). The 73 primary endpoint patients (28 acute HIV-1 infection, 45 recent HIV-1 infection) had significantly higher baseline CD4 T-cell counts (P = 0.044) and lower viral load (P = 0.016). The primary endpoint was achieved in 29 (40%) of the 73 and in 24% of the 121 enrolled overall. There was no significant outcome difference (P = 0.81) between the acute HIV-1 infection [43%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 24-63%] and recent HIV-1 infection (38%, 95% CI 24-53%) groups. Differences after longer follow-up can not be ascertained by this trial. Baseline viral load less than 100 000/ml 22/46 (48%) compared with more than 100 000/ml, 7/27 (26%) and higher baseline CD4 immune activation predicted success.

CONCLUSION:

Forty percent of patients treated during acute HIV-1 infection or recent HIV-1 infection sustained a viral load less than 5000 copies/ml after 24 weeks of treatment interruption.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00000940.

PMID:
19696651
PMCID:
PMC2888600
DOI:
10.1097/QAD.0b013e32832eb285
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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