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Cardiology. 2009;114(4):292-7. doi: 10.1159/000235651. Epub 2009 Aug 20.

Prediction of hemodynamically significant coronary artery disease using troponin I in hemodialysis patients presenting with chest pain: A case-control study.

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1
Division of Cardiology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center Brooklyn, Brooklyn, NY 11203, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Controversy exists regarding utility of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in predicting significant coronary artery disease (CAD) in hemodialysis (HD) patients with chest pain and no acute ischemia on electrocardiogram (non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction, non-STEMI). We sought to determine if cTnI elevation predicts significant CAD (>70% stenosis) in these patients.

METHODS:

Ninety patients with non-STEMI referred for cardiac catheterization were included, divided equally into HD and non-HD groups.

RESULTS:

Mean age and baseline characteristics were not significantly different between groups, except for left ventricular hypertrophy which was higher in HD patients (56 vs. 27%, p = 0.012). Initial cTnI correlated with obstructive CAD and was stratified into <0.3 and >0.3 ng/ml. By logistic regression, cTnI >0.3 ng/ml was not predictive of CAD in HD patients [odds ratio = 0.87 (95% CI 0.19-4.0), p = 0.8], while non-HD patients had an increased risk of CAD if first cTnI was >0.3 ng/ml [odds ratio = 1.461 (95% CI 1.01-2.11), p = 0.04] as expected. Sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive values of cTnI in predicting obstructive CAD were better in non-HD patients.

CONCLUSION:

cTnI in these patients had no predictive value for obstructive CAD. This contrasts with the general population, suggesting a higher index of suspicion for high-grade CAD irrespective of cTnI levels in HD patients.

PMID:
19696481
DOI:
10.1159/000235651
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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