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Science. 2009 Aug 21;325(5943):1014-7. doi: 10.1126/science.1175275.

Structures of the ribosome in intermediate states of ratcheting.

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1
Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.

Abstract

Protein biosynthesis on the ribosome requires repeated cycles of ratcheting, which couples rotation of the two ribosomal subunits with respect to each other, and swiveling of the head domain of the small subunit. However, the molecular basis for how the two ribosomal subunits rearrange contacts with each other during ratcheting while remaining stably associated is not known. Here, we describe x-ray crystal structures of the intact Escherichia coli ribosome, either in the apo-form (3.5 angstrom resolution) or with one (4.0 angstrom resolution) or two (4.0 angstrom resolution) anticodon stem-loop tRNA mimics bound, that reveal intermediate states of intersubunit rotation. In the structures, the interface between the small and large ribosomal subunits rearranges in discrete steps along the ratcheting pathway. Positioning of the head domain of the small subunit is controlled by interactions with the large subunit and with the tRNA bound in the peptidyl-tRNA site. The intermediates observed here provide insight into how tRNAs move into the hybrid state of binding that precedes the final steps of mRNA and tRNA translocation.

PMID:
19696352
PMCID:
PMC2919209
DOI:
10.1126/science.1175275
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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