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Life Sci. 2009 Sep 23;85(13-14):477-83. doi: 10.1016/j.lfs.2009.08.005. Epub 2009 Aug 18.

Chondroitin sulfate for the treatment of hip and knee osteoarthritis: current status and future trends.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shiga University of Medical Science, Tsukinowa-cho, Seta, Otsu, Shiga, 520-2192, Japan.

Abstract

AIMS:

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common joint disorder and a major socio-economic burden. Chondroitin sulfate (CS), which has chondroprotective properties, is a promising candidate for the therapeutic treatment of OA. Here, we summarize current knowledge as well as future trends of CS for the treatment of hip and knee OA.

MAIN METHODS:

We retrospectively reviewed pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, clinical efficacy, safety and tolerability of CS for the treatment of OA.

KEY FINDINGS:

The safety and tolerability of CS are confirmed. CS is effective, at least in part, for the treatment of OA, and its therapeutic benefits occur through three main mechanisms: 1) stimulation of extracellular matrix production by chondrocytes; 2) suppression of inflammatory mediators; and 3) inhibition of cartilage degeneration.

SIGNIFICANCE:

CS is a safe and tolerable therapeutic agent for the management of OA. Its effects include benefits that are not achieved by current medicines and include chondroprotection and the prevention of joint space narrowing. Such positive effects of CS represent a breakthrough in the treatment of hip and knee OA.

PMID:
19695267
DOI:
10.1016/j.lfs.2009.08.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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