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Cell Stress Chaperones. 2010 Mar;15(2):219-24. doi: 10.1007/s12192-009-0136-7. Epub 2009 Aug 20.

Protective effect of carbon monoxide pre-conditioning on LPS-induced endothelial cell stress.

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Department of Veterinary Morphophysiology and Animal Production, DIMORFIPA, University of Bologna, Italy.


Increasing evidence indicates that carbon monoxide (CO) may protect against several diseases including sepsis. The ability of CO pre-treatment to provide good pre-conditioning against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced injury was tested using an in vitro model of primary culture of porcine aortic endothelial cells (pAEC). pAEC were exposed to CO (250 ppm) or air for 1 h prior to the addition of LPS (10 microg/ml). Hsp70, HO-1, and Egr-1 protein levels were determined as well as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) secretion after 4, 7, and 15 h. The effect of CO on LPS-induced apoptosis was also detected at 15 h. CO pre-treatment before the addition of LPS, significantly reduced LPS-induced apoptosis. LPS induced an increase in the level of VEGF in culture media after 7 and 15 h, and a larger increase was detected in CO pre-treated cells. In addition, CO pre-treatment reduced LPS-induced Hsp70, HO-1, and Egr-1 protein expression. In conclusion, CO treatment seems to provide a good pre-conditioning for the prevention of LPS-induced endothelial injury.

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