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Trop Anim Health Prod. 2010 Mar;42(3):363-73. doi: 10.1007/s11250-009-9428-2. Epub 2009 Aug 20.

Wild ostrich (Struthio camelus) ecology and physiology.

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Physiology Division, Birmingham City University, Egbaston Campus, 030 Bevan House, Westbourne Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 3TN, UK.


This work discusses some of the important considerations of wild ostrich evolution, behaviour and ecology, as items included in ostrich production. In the process considerable research was conducted by collating information from peer-reviewed papers; textbooks; manuals; and PubMed and Agricola searches. Selected areas reviewed included activity of ostriches; feeding and water needs; sexual maturity; egg laying and natural incubation; selected physiological parameters; and predation. There is an immediate and urgent need to conserve and protect the rapidly declining populations of wild ostriches with the committed involvement of governments and funding bodies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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