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Clin Genitourin Cancer. 2009 Aug;7(2):E28-33. doi: 10.3816/CGC.2009.n.018.

Do patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma benefit from weekly paclitaxel chemotherapy? A GETUG phase II study.

Author information

1
Département d'oncologie Médicale, Centre François, Baclesse, France. f.joly@baclesse.fr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There is no standard second-line chemotherapy for patients who relapse with advanced urothelial carcinoma. A GETUG phase II clinical trial was designed to evaluate the response rate and the palliative clinical benefit of weekly paclitaxel.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Paclitaxel (80 mg/m2, 1 hour) was administered on day 1, 8, and 15 (28-day course) to 45 patients. The primary endpoint was disease control rate (objective response and stable disease). Response rate was evaluated using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria; quality of life (QOL) assessment used FACT-B1 and FACT-Taxane questionnaires.

RESULTS:

Characteristics of the patients were: M/F, 36/9; mean age, 64 years; performance status (PS) 0-1, 82%; metastatic disease, 93%; gemcitabine/platinum first-line chemotherapy, 89%; median number of cycles, 2. Grade 3/4 toxicity was uncommon. The disease control rate was 47%. One patient achieved a complete response, 3 a partial response (objective response, 9%) and 17 (38%) a stable disease. Median time to progression or death were 3 and 7 months. Among the 21 patients with controlled disease, 10% displayed QOL improvement, and 14% decreased their analgesic consumption.

CONCLUSION:

Weekly paclitaxel is associated with limited objective response but a high rate of stabilization; QOL assessment indicates that a small group of patients might experience a clinical benefit.

PMID:
19692319
DOI:
10.3816/CGC.2009.n.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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