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Exp Neurol. 2009 Nov;220(1):133-42. doi: 10.1016/j.expneurol.2009.08.004. Epub 2009 Aug 13.

Natural lipophilic inhibitors of mitochondrial complex I are candidate toxins for sporadic neurodegenerative tau pathologies.

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1
Experimental Neurology, Philipps Universität, Marburg, Germany.

Abstract

Annonacin, a natural lipophilic inhibitor of mitochondrial complex I has been implicated in the etiology of a sporadic neurodegenerative tauopathy in Guadeloupe. We therefore studied further compounds representing the broad biochemical spectrum of complex I inhibitors to which humans are potentially exposed. We determined their lipophilicity, their effect on complex I activity in submitochondrial particles, and their effect on cellular ATP levels, neuronal cell death and somatodendritic redistribution of phosphorylated tau protein (AD2 antibody against pS396/pS404-tau) in primary cultures of fetal rat striatum. The 24 compounds tested were lipophilic (logP range 0.9-8.5; exception: MPP(+) logP=-1.35) and potent complex I inhibitors (IC(50) range 0.9 nM-2.6 mM). They all decreased ATP levels (EC(50) range 1.9 nM-54.2 microM), induced neuronal cell death (EC(50) range 1.1 nM-54.5 microM) and caused the redistribution of AD2(+) tau from axons to the cell body (EC(5) range 0.6 nM-33.3 microM). The potency of the compounds to inhibit complex I correlated with their potency to induce tau redistribution (r=0.80, p<0.001). In conclusion, we propose that the widely distributed lipophilic complex I inhibitors studied here might be implicated in the induction of tauopathies with global prevalence.

PMID:
19682988
DOI:
10.1016/j.expneurol.2009.08.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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