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Health Expect. 2009 Dec;12(4):383-95. doi: 10.1111/j.1369-7625.2009.00550.x. Epub 2009 Aug 13.

Queer quit: gay smokers' perspectives on a culturally specific smoking cessation service.

Author information

1
Research Institute for Public Health and Addiction, Zurich, Switzerland and Faculty of Medicine, University Witten Herdecke, Witten, Germany. schwappach@patientensicherheit.ch

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The prevalence of smoking is high among gay males. The need for culturally specific support has been acknowledged, but little is known about gay men's perspectives on such adapted interventions.

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate smoking and intention to quit in gay smokers and to explore their attitudes towards a gay-specific smoking cessation programme.

DESIGN:

Quantitative survey and focus groups.

SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 325 gay smokers living in Zurich (Switzerland) completed an anonymous survey. Thirteen males participated in two focus groups, theoretically sampled to reflect heterogeneity in terms of age, HIV serostatus and smoking histories. Participants were personally recruited at a variety of events and through advertisements.

RESULTS:

Responders reported high consumption of cigarettes, and every second man stated that more than half of his gay friends smoke regularly. The majority planned their quit within the next 6 months. Idealizing attitudes towards smoking were very common. Men stated strong preferences towards a culturally adapted cessation programme for gay men. Higher age, high nicotine dependence, intention to quit, smoking stereotypes and fears for weight gain were significant predictors for interest in participation in the programme. Qualitative results indicate that men felt torn between their wish for support, bonding, and community alternatives to the 'smoking gay' environment and fears for failure and loss of reputation.

CONCLUSIONS:

Gay men reported likely use of a gay-specific intervention. Such interventions may offer support in abstaining from smoking, without abstaining from gay social life. Health-care providers play an important role in communicating the serious threats caused by smoking to gay men.

PMID:
19682099
PMCID:
PMC5060501
DOI:
10.1111/j.1369-7625.2009.00550.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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