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Br J Dermatol. 2010 Jan;162(1):123-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2133.2009.09364.x. Epub 2009 Jun 11.

Absolute CD3+ CD158k+ lymphocyte count is reliable and more sensitive than cytomorphology to evaluate blood tumour burden in Sézary syndrome.

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1
INSERM U976, Skin Research Centre, Saint Louis Hospital, 1 avenue Claude Vellefaux, 75475 Paris, France. jean-david.bouaziz@hmn.aphp.fr

Abstract

Background CD158k/KIR3DL2 is a specific marker for Sézary cells which can be used to diagnose Sézary syndrome (SS) in erythrodermic patients with abnormal circulating T cells. Objectives To evaluate the suitability of CD158k/KIR3DL2 for detecting and evaluating blood tumour load during the follow up of patients with SS. Methods The absolute CD3+ CD158k+ lymphocyte count was compared with the absolute count of cytomorphological Sézary cells and was correlated with clinical flares in a cohort of patients with SS. Twenty-five patients were included in the study and 48 blood samples were analysed. Results The absolute count of CD3+ CD158k+ cells strongly correlated with the absolute count of atypical circulating cells (r = 0.97, P < 10(-15)). The CD3+ CD158k+ lymphocyte cell count was in eight cases more sensitive than cytomorphology for detecting atypical circulating cells especially for small-sized tumour cells. The tumour burden evaluated by CD3+ CD158k+ immunostaining was significantly associated with clinical flare (P < 10(-4)). Conclusions CD3+ CD158k+ phenotyping is a reliable and objective test to monitor the blood tumour burden in patients with SS under systemic therapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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