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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2009 Nov 1;180(9):823-33. doi: 10.1164/rccm.200905-0761OC. Epub 2009 Aug 13.

Impaired IL-10-dependent induction of tolerogenic dendritic cells by CD4+CD25hiCD127lo/- natural regulatory T cells in human allergic asthma.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA.

Abstract

RATIONALE:

Tolerogenic dendritic cells and natural regulatory T cells have been implicated in the process of infectious tolerance in human allergic asthma. However, the significance of the influence of natural regulatory T cells on tolerogenic dendritic cells in the disease has not been investigated.

OBJECTIVES:

We aimed to characterize the mechanism of induction of the tolerogenic phenotype in circulating blood dendritic cells by allergic asthmatic natural regulatory T cells.

METHODS:

The study was performed in a cohort of 21 subjects with allergic asthma, 21 healthy control subjects, and 21 subjects with nonallergic asthma. We cultured blood dendritic cells with natural regulatory T cells to study the induction of tolerogenic dendritic cells. Flow cytometry and proliferation assays were employed to analyze phenotype and function of dendritic cells as well as IL-10 production from natural regulatory T cells.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

Dendritic cells cultured with natural regulatory T cells up-regulated IL-10, down-regulated costimulatory molecules, and stimulated the proliferation of CD4(+)CD25(-) effector T cells less potently. Allergic asthmatic natural regulatory T cells were significantly less efficient in inducing this tolerogenic phenotype of dendritic cells compared with healthy control and nonallergic asthmatic counterparts. Furthermore, this defective function of natural regulatory T cells was associated with their decreased IL-10 expression, disease severity, and could be reversed by oral corticosteroid therapy.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results provided the first evidences of impaired induction of tolerogenic dendritic cells mediated by natural regulatory T cells in human allergic asthma.

PMID:
19679691
DOI:
10.1164/rccm.200905-0761OC
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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