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J Am Chem Soc. 2009 Sep 9;131(35):12524-5. doi: 10.1021/ja904179f.

De novo synthesis of modified saxitoxins for sodium ion channel study.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-5080, USA.

Abstract

Access to novel forms of (+)-saxitoxin (STX), a potent and selective inhibitor of voltage-gated Na(+) ion channels, has been made possible through de novo synthesis. Saxitoxin is believed to lodge in the outer mouth of the channel pore, thereby stoppering ion flux. Herein, we demonstrate that modification of the C13-carbamoyl unit can be accommodated in the binding site of the protein without significantly reducing ligand-receptor affinity. These discoveries have emboldened efforts to prepare photoaffinity-labeled and other unique forms of STX as pharmacological tools for interrogating both the molecular architecture and function of Na(+) channels. A synthetic plan that makes such compounds generally available is described.

PMID:
19678702
PMCID:
PMC2770901
DOI:
10.1021/ja904179f
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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