Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Diabetes Care. 2009 Nov;32(11):2016-20. doi: 10.2337/dc08-2228. Epub 2009 Aug 12.

Prevalence and management of diabetes in Korean adults: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 1998-2005.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, The Armed Forces Capital Hospital, Sungnam, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This research investigated recent changes in the prevalence and management status of diabetes among Korean adults.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), a nationwide survey examining the general health and nutrition status of the Korean people, was conducted in 1998, 2001, and 2005. Using the first (1998; n = 5,645), second (2001; n = 4,154), and third (2005; n = 4,628) KNHANES datasets, in the present study, we estimated the prevalence of diabetes among Korean adults (aged >or=30 years), the proportions of known cases of diabetes, and the proportions of well-controlled cases of diabetes, as defined by either the American Diabetes Association (A1C <7%) or the International Diabetes Federation guidelines (A1C <6.5%).

RESULTS:

In 2005, the prevalence of diabetes was estimated to be 9.1% (approximately 2.58 million people: 10.2% of men and 7.9% of women), including 6.2% with known diabetes and 2.9% with newly diagnosed diabetes. The prevalence of impaired fasting glucose was 17.4% (approximately 4.94 million people). The proportion of known cases of diabetes drastically increased from 23.2% in 1998 to 41.2% in 2001 and 68.0% in 2005 (P < 0.0001). Among known diabetic patients in 2005, 43.5 and 22.9% had A1C levels <7.0 and <6.5%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

The overall prevalence of diabetes in Korea has not changed significantly between 1998 and 2005. Physician diagnosis and treatment rates of diabetes have significantly improved during this period, but glycemic control was still poorer than that in other developed countries.

PMID:
19675201
PMCID:
PMC2768204
DOI:
10.2337/dc08-2228
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center