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Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009 Jun;57(4):204-8. doi: 10.1055/s-0029-1185367. Epub 2009 May 20.

Is gender an independent risk factor for coronary bypass grafting?

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Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tiqwa, Israel.



Postoperative mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery is traditionally considered to be influenced by gender. However, the data are conflicting and it is not clear whether gender is a true independent risk factor for death in this setting. We analyzed our database to determine whether gender is an independent risk factor for death after CABG.


A retrospective analysis of 1 758 isolated first-time coronary artery bypass graft patients treated between 2003 and 2005 was conducted in the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery of Rabin Medical Center, a major tertiary facility in Israel.


The female patients had a distinctly different pre- and intraoperative profile compared with the male patients, and significantly higher postoperative mortality (p < 0.05). On a propensity scoring of 359 matched pairs, the risk factors for death were found to be severe left ventricular dysfunction, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and use of an intra-aortic balloon pump (p < 0.05). The addition of intraoperative data to the model yielded only cardiopulmonary bypass time and use of an intra-aortic balloon pump as risk factors for death (p < 0.05). Validation with the bootstrap technique revealed that strong predictors of death (> 50 % of the sample) were cardiopulmonary bypass time, use of an intra-aortic balloon pump, and, to a lesser extent, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Female gender was not found to be an independent risk factor for death after coronary artery bypass graft.


Female gender is apparently not an independent risk factor for coronary artery bypass graft mortality in this patient group.

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